Inside South Korea’s Blue House, Home to Presidents for 74 Years

South Korea’s Blue House, or Cheong Wa Dae, has served as the president’s official residence and office since the government was established in 1948.

The Blue House is the home of the president of South Korea and is adjacent to Gyeongbokgung palace.

The Blue House sits at the foot of Bukhansan Mountain and is adjacent to Gyeongbokgung palace.

Elizabeth Beard/Getty Images

Built in 1991 on the gardens of former royal palace Gyeongbokgung, South Korea’s Blue House gets its name from its distinctive roof, which is made of 150,000 handmade blue tiles. Across extensive renovations over the past 74 years, the color of the roof has remained the same.

The house has served as the office of each South Korean president since 1948, but that’s about to change. Newly elected South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol, who won the March 9 election, officially announced on March 20 that he would move the presidential office to a defense ministry compound in Yongsan upon his inauguration.

Yoon said his decision was motivated by his desire to be a people-first president.

“We are looking to move out of the Blue House, which had been a symbol of absolute power in our history, and return that power to the people,” Yoon’s spokeswoman Kim Eun-hye said in a briefing on March 18, per Reuters.

Yoon’s team did not immediately respond to Insider’s request for comment.

South Korea’s traditional architectural style, characterized by sloping roofs, is reflected in the Blue House’s design.

This picture taken on November 4, 2015 shows the Presidential Blue House in Seoul during an official welcoming ceremony for former French President Francois Hollande.

The color of the roof has always remained the same, despite the Blue House’s extensive renovation throughout the years.


South Koreans view the Blue House as a symbol of “unchecked power,” Yonsei University sociology professor Kim Dong-no told The Wall Street Journal.

Yoon’s political opponents have accused him of listening to the readings of Fengshui practitioners and prioritizing their advice over national security.

Fengshui practitioners consider the location of the Blue House to be inauspicious due to the misfortunes of past presidents, Reuters reported. In South Korea’s 25-year democratic history, four out of six presidents have either been jailed or died from suicide after leaving office.

“People suspect that the move was motivated by shamans’ advice that the location of the Blue House is cursed,” Democratic Party politician Cho Jeong-sik told the South China Morning Post.

In a briefing, the outgoing Moon administration said they felt the rushed relocation efforts could “create a security vacuum and confusion” amidst rising tensions with the North, per Reuters.

The relocation to a Yongsan defense military compound will cost an estimated 49.6 billion won ($40.1 million), according to figures provided by South Korea’s Ministry of Economy and Finance in a press conference, per Reuters.

The Blue House spans 62 acres and is more than three times the size of the White House.

Former South Korean President Moon Jae-in speaks during his New Year's speech at the presidential Blue House on January 11, 2021 in Seoul, South Korea.

Former South Korean President Moon Jae-in giving a speech at the presidential Blue House on January 2021.

South Korean Presidential Blue House via Getty Images

Among the Blue House’s rooms are a main office building, a presidential residence, a state reception house, and a press hall.

It has always been the designated location where the president makes official announcements. It’s also where state meetings, press conferences, and special ceremonies are held.

South Korean citizens also often stage demonstrations at the grounds outside the Blue House.

In April 2015, thousands of people marched towards the Blue House in protest against the government’s poor rescue response during the Sewol ferry tragedy.

South Korean citizens staged a similar demonstration near the Blue House in November 2016, calling for then-president Park Geun-hye’s resignation after a corruption scandal. Park was eventually impeached in 2017 and served almost five years in prison before she was pardoned in December 2021.

Apart from the main buildings, the Blue House also has a pond and an extensive garden.

Former US President Donald Trump and former South Korean President Moon Jae-in walk through the gardens together at the Blue House in Seoul, South Korea, Tuesday, November 7, 2017.

Former US President Donald Trump and former South Korean President Moon Jae-in walking through the gardens of the Blue House.

AP Photo/Andrew Harnik

Visitors are allowed in certain areas of the Blue House, but only through guided tours.

However, there are plans to reform the visitor policy under President Yoon Suk-yeol’s administration, per Korea JoongAng Daily. Visitors will now be allowed to roam freely around permitted areas without a guide.

With this change in policy, the Blue House is expected to welcome up to 39,000 people a dayan increase from the 1,500 visitors that the guided tours currently handle.

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